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138   COMMISSION OF' CONSERVATION

when the woods are dry, water in the streams low, and vegetation, such as grass and pea-vine, rank, as was the case last autumn, it is feared it would be impossible to control them.

Under present regulations, slash has to be disposed of by either piling and burning, or lopping and dropping to the ground. Though these regulations have been in force for some time, it has been found possible by many operators to evade compliance, but it is hoped that from now on matters will improve.

As to methods of brush disposal found or considered most advisable under specific conditions, where the timber is not cut clean or where a new growth would be in danger should burning be resorted, to, lopping and dropping to the ground is recommended, so that debris may rot more readily or at least get so damp that it would not burn fiercely.

Where a clean cut of all standing timber is made, and where there is no new growth to be endangered, piling and burning is the best method.

The compensating advantages to the operator from brush disposal are additional security from fires, and, in the case of berth-holders, protection of their remaining standing timber; to the settler, an increased assurance that he and his successors may have a convenient, cheap, and lasting supply of timber.

The estimated cost of piling and burning, or lopping and dropping to ground of debris, is 50 cents per thousand feet.

The past attitude of all classes of timber operators in my district, insofar as I have knowledge, has been marked opposition to doing anything whatever toward protection. I consider this feeling to be now somewhat relieved, due, I think, to the fact that fear of losses by fires is getting more prevalent, the scarcity of timber being brought home to the people generally; possibly, also, the activity of our forest officers, who are impressing the settlers with the importance of fire protection and prevention, and in many ways showing that they are now taking more interest in forest business.

 

BRUSH DISPOSAL IN EASTERN PROVINCES ONTARIO

Nothing is being done in Ontario at the present time with regard to brush disposal in operations on Crown lands. It is not believed, in any event, that the work could be undertaken satisfactorily with the present organization.

This matter was, however, considered tentatively, and, about two years ago, a clause providing for brush disposal was inserted in one


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