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railroad standard insofar as size is concerned, and the operator estimates that the timber removed would have sawn 521,000 feet board measure, and, on this estimate, the top-lopping would have cost 31 cents per thousand feet.

The operator reports, in part, as follows : " I am of the opinion that had I had information of the intention of the Department to enforce top-lopping last autumn before starting in the work, I could have arranged with the tie-makers to do this lopping and have had it done for less money per tie. I am also confident that the cost per thousand feet would have been less for saw-logs than for ties, as generally the tops will run out smaller."

The regulations concerning brush disposal have been enforced during 1914 with much success, and practically all complaints have disappeared on reserves where operations were in progress in 1913, showing that it is simply a matter of enforcing the regulations to secure proper brush disposal.

I find also that practically all the lumbermen in the district will be willing to make proper brush disposal provided each lumberman in the district is compelled to do the same. The manager of the Prince Albert Lumber Co., Ltd., has stated publicly that the company would not mind having to cut according to forest reserve regulations. provided all the other lumber companies in the country were doing the same, so that one company would not be competing with another under any disadvantage. This is the opinion of practically all the lumbermen in the district, and it is obvious that it would be unfair to compel one company to dispose of the brush and permit another to cut according to old methods. It is the duty of the Government to see that each and every lumberman makes proper brush disposal, as it is almost impossible to protect young growth on cut-over areas according to the present methods of logging. In the past two or three years valuable stands of young spruce have been destroyed simply because it was impossible to check the fire on account of the enormous amount of slash.


By F. K. Herch;ner, District Inspector of Forest Reserves, Dominion Forestry Branch, Manitoba District

The extent of slash menace and its seriousness as a fire hazard are very general, more especially on those areas where timber limit holders have been operating for many years in the reserves, and also where settlers have been taking out permit timber. The danger is very great, and should fires break out in certain of the old cuttings

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