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132   COMMISSION OF' CONSERVATION

berths in any case legally a part of the forest reserves, even though included within their exterior boundaries.

It is probable, however, that a few minor changes in the methods of logging, such as attention to the location of skid roads, etc., and the felling of trees with their tops together, so far as possible, will greatly facilitate the ease and safety of broadcast burning.

It is impossible, at the present time, to give any authoritative data regarding the additional cost to operators on account of brush disposal, This is the main point towards which the work we propose to under-take will be directed. The advantages to the operator are self-evident, including reduced fire hazard, the elimination of property loss, and increased facilities in financing operations due to the greater safety of the raw product from destruction by fire.

The question of brush disposal on the right-of-way of roads constructed by the Public Works Department of the British Columbia government is also very important from a fire protection standpoint. Until the last year or two, absolutely no attention was paid to this point by them. There existed, therefore, the anomalous condition of one department of a government preaching the necessity of slash disposal and enforcing regulations against railways, and at the same time another department doing construction work of somewhat the same character and paying no heed to brush disposal at all. Within the last two years, however, strong representations have been made to the Provincial Department of Public Works by both the Provincial and Dominion Forestry Branches. As a result of these, the Minister of Public Works in the British Columbia government issued a general order to all road superintendents that the debris resulting from road construction was to be burned. Unfortunately, the strong pressure of public opinion for new roads and the limited funds at the disposal of road superintendents militated against the effectiveness of this order, and the present state of affairs, while showing some improvement, still leaves much to be desired. In many localities, roads are still being constructed without any attention to brush disposal.

ALBERTA

By IV. N. Millar, District Inspector of Forest Reserves, Dominion Forestry Branch, Alberta District

It is possible for me to make only a brief and general statement in regard to slash disposal in the Alberta district, as the question has never been taken up on a very definite basis or with a well-defined policy in view. While the seriousness of the slash menace


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