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FOREST FIRES AND BRUSH DISPOSAL   129

same way. Where this was done, the result was a tolerably safe fire-guard. The best figures of cost I have on this work show an expense of $14 per acre of fire guard. The cost, figured on the area afforded protection, would of course be very much smaller.

In conclusion, it is my opinion that, except in the case of clean-bottomed stands, piling only the brush caused by logging operations affords but little protection for the expenditure, and simply lopping the tops would give practically the same protection at less cost. Better than either of these is, I believe, a wide strip encircling the cut-over area and cleared of all debris. This seems the most practical method of doing away with the danger from old slashings, especially where the clanger is limited to one or two sides of the cut-over area.

The following supplemental statement, by District Forester H. B. Murray, shows the further developments in the Tete Jaune district since the resignation of Mr. MacFayden:

" During the past year, 1914, the areas covered by permits which had been granted to the Canadian Northern Pacific and to the Grand Trunk Pacific railways were examined by the Forest Branch, and in any case where the amount of timber left standing warranted, a timber sale was made on such permit area. It is the intention of the Forest Branch to dispose of all timber left standing on the different permit areas in this manner, and then a slash fire can be run over the area at a safe time and the hazard removed. This course is absolutely necessary, owing to the proximity of the railways to the permit areas, and the constant danger of fire getting into the slashings during a dangerous fire period."

BRUSH DISPOSAL IN THE RAILWAY BELT OF BRITISH COLUMBIA

D. Roy Cameron, District Inspector of Forest Reserves, Dominion Forestry Branch, Railway Belt District

The slash menace on forest reserves in the railway belt of British Columbia, is, at the present time, a comparatively unimportant feature of the fire hazard, due to two factors. First, there has been practically no timber cut on forest reserves, in quantity sufficient to make any considerable area of slash; second, the merchantable timber on these forest reserves, as at present constituted, is of the dry belt type —scattered, open, park-like stands—so that the debris resulting fromn lumbering operations would be largely scattered in the natural process of logging.

The only cutting of timber since the inauguration of administration of the forest reserves has been under settlers' permits. These 9-c. c.


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