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126   COMMISSION OF CONSERVATION

tions had been carried on during the winter, the cut being 210,209 feet board measure and 31,913 ties.

The snow disappeared from the area late in March and early in April. While the crew was waiting for driving the men were set at burning, and about twenty men were employed for three days. The work was done by setting out fires at the lower edge of the slope and allowing it to run up the hill to the public road, which formed an effective fire-break. Where the cutting had crossed the road the burning was carried on under a careful guard. The debris was comparatively heavy, owing to the small size of the timber and the heavy, open tops.

A detailed record of the cost was not kept by the company, but twenty men were employed for three days. The total cost was thus approximately $210.00, amounting to sixty cents per acre or seventeen cents per thousand feet, for both saw-timber and ties.

Burning was also done on an area of about 500 acres on the Barrier river. This slashing lay approximately one mile along the slope and was three-quarters of a mile wide. The stand was open fir similar to the above. Logging operations had been carried on during the previous winter, approximately 634,000 feet being cut.

Fire was started accidentally on May 31, but, as the operator had intended burning at least part of the brush, this fire was allowed to do the work. Eighteen men were detailed for three days to hold the fire in check and to light piles not fired by the general conflagration. Later, two men were detailed to watch it for a couple of days till the fire was out.

The total cost was approximately $160.00, but no detailed record was kept. This is approximately thirty-two cents per acre or twenty-five cents per thousand feet.

From a protective standpoint the result was excellent. Small' debris and limbs up to one and one-half inches in diameter were consumed and the danger from future fire was reduced to a negligible amount. Much of the volunteer growth was, however, destroyed. The fire had little effect on trees six inches and over in diameter, but all reproduction ten feet high and under was destroyed, while larger poles up to six inches diameter were often so burned that they died later.

It seems, therefore, that broadcast burning would be satisfactory on agricultural land and where the volunteer crop need not be considered in connection with the future crop; but, where planting cannot be resorted to, and where the volunteer crop is composed of the desired species, piling and burning for the protection of the young growth is. to be preferred, where financial considerations will permit.


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