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FOREST FIRES AND BRUSH DISPOSAL   121[

got rid of should be discussed with the owner; a plan of fire-breaks,.. brush piling, time of burning, or the installation of protective devices and measures agreed upon; and a promise obtained from the owner, if possible, to carry out the work. If necessary a forest officer should be present to supervise the work.

On receipt of a report on a dangerous slash or dangerous use of fire the district forester will forward the original to the chief forester with his recommendations, retaining the duplicate for his files.

The following statements by District Foresters Gilmour, Andrews, Caverhill and MacFayden contain detailed information relative to. the results secured in their respective districts:

 

CRANBROOK DISTRICT

By J. D. Gilmour, District Forester, British Columbia Forest Branch

It has been demonstrated that the burning of slash is practicable, from the standpoint of cost as well as of safety. It has been proven, a good form of insurance, protecting the future of the logging operation until the timber is all logged, as well as equipment, camps and men employed in logging.

To obtain some practical experience in costs and methods in the interior, and also to safeguard a large body of timber in which the government has a considerable financial interest, the Provincial Forest Branch undertook, late in the spring of 1913, to demonstrate the cheapness and safeness of slash burning in the heavily timbered .valleys of British Columbia. The area selected for slash burning comprised 300 acres of the limits of the McInnes Lumber Company,. eight miles from Crowsnest station, on the North fork of Michel river.

Logging had been carried on for several years, with the result that several hundred acres of heavy slash constituted a menace throughout each summer. It seemed likely that a little carelessness-on the part of someone would, one day, start a fire which might wipe out all the timber remaining in the valley, estimated at several hundred million feet.

The type was spruce-jack pine, the stand running from twelve to twenty thousand feet per acre on the best timbered portions close to the river. The stand was thrifty and mature at the time of logging, the understory consisting of suppressed spruce. The resultant slash was, therefore, very heavy for the interior, lying from three to six feet deep. The trees left after logging, being suppressed, shallow-rooted spruce, were not windfirm, so that after everything merchant-able was removed, the balance in a short time blew down, adding to.


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