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118   COMMISSION OF CONSERVATION

Paragraph 1 of section 124 provides that :—When the safety of any forest or woodland or cut timber is endangered by the debris caused by any lumbering or other industrial operation, the Minister or the Provincial Forest Board may require the person or corporation conducting such operations, or the owner or occupier of the land on which such debris exists, to cut down dead trees and stubs within such area, and to establish a safe fire line around the area or areas covered by such debris. Said fire line to be cleared of inflammable material and to be of a width and character satisfactory to the Minister or to the Provincial Forest Board.

Paragraph 3 provides that:—Every person, persons or corporation clearing rights-of-way for any road, trail, telephone, telegraph, power or pipe line, tote road, ditch, or flume shall pile and burn on such right-of-way all refuse, timber, slashings, choppings and brush cut thereon as rapidly as the clearing or cutting progresses, and the weather conditions permit, or at such times as the Provincial Forest Board may direct.

Paragraph 4 provides that:—No one slashing brush or burning timber for the purpose of clearing land, or in the conduct of any lumbering operation, or in the cutting of any road or right-of-way, shall fell or permit to be felled trees or brush in such a manner that said trees or brush shall fall and remain on land not owned by the one felling or permitting the felling of such trees or brush.

Paragraph 5 provides that:—Any person who, within 200 feet of the right-of-way of any railway, causes any accumulation of inflammable debris shall immediately pile, and, subject to the requirements of this Act covering permits, burn the same.

The above extracts from the Forest Act relate to slashings and accumulations of inflammable material which constitute a dangerous fire hazard. The following relate to the unsafe use of fire in industrial operations:

Section 120 :—During the close season a watchman

Fire Industrial

Operations. shall be maintained at the point where any stationary

or portable engine is located in or near any forest or woodland for at least two hours following any time when said engine shall have ceased operation, to prevent the escape of fire therefrom.

Section 121 provides that:—(l) During the close season in each year it shall be unlawful for any person or corporation

(a) To use or operate any locomotive, logging engine, portable engine, traction engine, or stationary engine, using fuel other than oil, within a quarter of a mile of any forest slashings or brush land, which is not provided with a practical and efficient device for arresting sparks, together with an adequate device for preventing the escape of


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