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FOREST FIRES AND BRUSH DISPOSAL,   115

Slash Disposal The disposal of slash resulting from logging on timber Timber   leases and licenses is not made a special requirement in

Leases and

Licenses the fire protection section of the Forest Act, but authority to do so is provided under sections 13 and 26 pertaining to the renewal of leases and licenses by means of orders in council.

Owing to the unsatisfactory condition of the lumber industry during the last year or two, it has not been thought advisable to adopt compulsory measures for the disposal of slash. Another reason is the fact that sufficient information in regard to the best methods of disposal, on which to base regulations covering the whole province, is not yet at hand. Therefore, it has been necessary to make a careful study of the methods and cost of slash disposal in the various forest types and to determine whether or not the cost can be borne by the industry without injury. It must be remembered that the lumber industry of British Columbia has to meet the competition of Washington, Oregon, Idaho and Montana mills, which have the advantage of a generally higher quality of timber and cheaper labour and machinery. The seriousness of this competition is evidenced by the fact that, in 1912. these mills shipped nearly 300,000,000 feet of lumber into Alberta and Saskatchewan, which is the chief market for British Columbia forest products. Investigation of the problem is being carried on and action will be promptly taken on the results shown.

In the meantime, however, the fire hazard created by logging slash is so serious that operators in the coast fir type are generally convinced of the advisability of burning their slash, and such action has been encouraged in every way possible.

The following letter, sent to all the operators on the coast, has induced some of them to burn their slash. Data in regard to the actual area burned over are lacking, but it is thought to have amounted to nearly 10,000 acres. With the larger field force which will be put on duty on the coast in the spring of 1914, and, with the accumulation of experience as to the best seasons and methods of burning, it is confidently expected that, in a few years, the slash on the area cut over in this type will be burned each year.

The Government of the Province of British Columbia, Forest Branch
(Lands Dept.), May 1st, 1913

Dear Sir:—I wish to request, for the Forest Branch, your earnest co-operation in an effort to solve the problem of the disposal of the slash resulting from logging operations.

Owing to the great density of the timber stands on the coast and in portions of the interior of British Columbia, to the conditions surrounding the lumber industry, which permit of the removal from


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