FOREST FIRES AND BRUSH DISPOSAL, 101
for their consideration rather than for the limit-holders or private owners. It is not to be expected that these latter, individually, will, to any material extent, be able to solve this problem, since the expense of brush disposal would add to logging costs, and thus place their product at a disadvantage, in comparison with their competitors, who do not incur this added expense. A government can, however, impose reasonable conditions for brush disposal upon all limit-holders alike, in connection with the renewal of licenses, and the added cost of this requirement should be taken into consideration in the readjustment of stumpage dues. Commercial conditions would thus be equalized in the long run, axed no material additional hardship would be imposed on operators.
Under certain circumstances the disposal of logging slash is unquestionably necessary if large areas of non-agricultural lands are to continue to add to the wealth of the country by producing successive crops of timber. Vast areas of cut-over lands totally unsuitable for agriculture, have already been turned into barren deserts by fire, due to the extreme hazard caused by inflammable logging debris, and to the failure of the respective governmental agencies to provide adequate machiner\ for the detection and control of such fires.
The adoption of measures for the reduction of the fire hazard in connection with logging operations must be regarded as only a matter of time. This change must, however, be preceded by the dispelling of the apathy and inertia which exist only too generally on the part of both government officials and the general public. It is distinctly encouraging to note that a beginning at brush disposal on Crown lands has been made under the direction of the British Columbia Forest Branch and also of the Dominion Forestry Branch.
DISPOSAL OF LOGGING SLASH IN BRITISH COLUMBIA
B1' R. E. Benedict, Assistant Forester, British Columbia Forest Branch
The one factor which prevents, and which will continue to prevent for many years, the adoption and application of advanced or scientific methods of growing timber in the North American continent is the extremely small amount of the wood crop which can be used or marketed. Speaking generally, only stems sixteen feet long and at least eight inches in diameter, sound, straight and fairly free from large knots, can be profitably harvested.
This means that all tops and branches, most of the unsound stems and logs, all small trees, nearly all of the dead and down trees, and all undergrowth must be left on the ground. The amount of such