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REPORTS OF COMMITTEE ON FORESTS   85

to provide the basis for a comprehensive plan for the intelligent conservation of this most important resource.

 

 

In British Columbia, during 1913 and 191.1, figures The Work in and other data have been collected covering over 200,-British Columbia 000 square miles, at an average cost of about six cents

per square mile. The explanation of this low cost lies in the fact that a very large amount of detailed information had been previously collected at great cost by the British Columbia Forest Branch, the Dominion Forestry Branch, the Canadian Pacific Forestry Branch, and a great many limit-holders. Practically all this information has been placed at the disposal of our investigators, and has been supplemented to a limited extent by further data collected by them at first hand, on the ground. Without the admirable co-operation of all these agencies the results which are being secured would be impossible except at a cost that would be prohibitive to the Commission. It is hoped that with one more year's work, the report on the timber resources of British Columbia will have been completed. In addition to the descriptive text, this report will include maps showing land classification, forest regions, sylvicultural types, and range of the principal tree species.

In Saskatchewan, the work, to date, has covered some Progress in   60,000 square miles, but the information collected on

Saskatchewan.

a part of this area is incomplete, as financial considerations made it necessary to discontinue the investigation. At least another year should be devoted to completing the work in Saskatchewan, but it does not seem possible to carry it forward during 1915. The investigations already made show that the total amount of spruce in the timber limit belt of Saskatchewan is discouragingly small, especially in proportion to the vast area over which this timber is scattered. Fire has been largely responsible for this situation, and the need is emphasized for more adequate fire protection.

From this uncompleted investigation, the indications are that, of spruce saw-timber, there are in the portion of the province of Saskatchewan accessible by present logging methods, some 2,100 million feet, board measure. This area comprises 27,000 square miles, and includes all the timber limits, for which specific estimates have been secured from most of the limit-holders. Between this timber-limit belt and the Churchill river is another area of 33.000 square miles, with no timber limits, and for which the incomplete data available indicate a total stand of 1,200 million feet of spruce saw-timber, generally inaccessible under present conditions. North of the Churchill river is another vast area of 88,000 square miles, on


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