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82   COMMISSION OF CONSERVATION

the past on the licensed timber berths, nor can they by any possibility be enforced under present conditions of organization.

Lack of   From a forestry and fire-preventive point of view, we

Technical   thus have the anomalous situation of a total lack of

Supervision the essential features of technical supervision of logging operations upon lands containing the vast majority of the accessible merchantable timber which is now the property of the Dominion Government. Until this situation is remedied in some way, the Dominion Government can have very little cause for self-congratulation so far as the practice of forestry is concerned. The particular way in which this problem of organization should be worked out is, of course, strictly a departmental matter. The main consideration is that the results ought to be accomplished in some way.

It goes without saying that, whatever the solution, it must involve the assignment to this work of men who are fully qualified by training and experience to enforce the technical provisions of the timber licenses with due regard at the same time to the future of the forest and the interest of the lumbermen concerned. Efficient results at a minimum of cost to the operator must be the aim. This work can most certainly not be handled by men without special qualifications in the way of training and experience.

The above is not intended, and should not be considered as, a criticism of the Timber and Grazing Branch. The situation simply appears to be that the Dominion Government has made no provision for the administration of forestry regulations upon the licensed timber berths of the public domain. As a result, the protection and perpetuation of the forest upon the best timbered areas, both within and outside the forest reserves and parks, is most seriously endangered. The correction of this omission is of the most pressing importance, and will amply justify the submission of strong representations by this Commission to the Dominion Government.

RECOMMENDATIONS OF COMMITTEE ON FORESTS, 1913

The Committee on Forests finds that, since the last annual meeting, the situation, to which its recommendations at that time referred, has changed but little, and that it can repeat with propriety most of the propositions then formulated--with some additions.

  1. The protection from forest fires, in which decided progress has been made, still requires assiduous effort to make it effective in all directions.

  2. The matter of fire protection along Government railways should be further taken up with the Dominion Government, and such rail-


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