Previous Forest Protection in Canada 1913-1914 Next

 

REPORTS OF COMMITTEE ON FORESTS   81

features, the question of organization is raised, and the fact is brought out that in matters affecting the timberlands of the Dominion Government, jurisdiction is divided between three separate branches of the Department of the Interior.

As to the timber berths, which comprise a very large percentage of the accessible merchantable timber on the public domain, both inside and outside the forest reserves and Dominion parks, responsibility rests upon the Timber and Grazing Branch of the Department of the Interior, which is, to a large extent, in practice, a fiscal organization, charged with the collection of revenue, the prevention of trespass, the administration of grazing leases, etc. This is due to the fact that, legally, the licensed timber berths are not a part of the forest reserves or parks, even though included within their exterior boundaries. The jurisdiction of the Forestry and Parks branches in the enforcement of timber regulations extends only to the lands in the forest reserves and Dominion parks not included in licensed timber berths. However, in the matter of establishing and maintaining fire patrols, the whole forested portion of the public domain is covered ,by the organization of the Forestry and Parks branches.

Brush   The question of brush disposal as a fire preventive

Disposal as measure, and of so controlling the methods of cutting Fire Preventive as to ensure the perpetuation of the forest, are the principal technical features of present-day forestry practice, and pro-vision for these matters is made in the licenses covering all timber berths.

Both the Forestry and Parks branches have field organizations actually on the ground, sufficient to handle the work which falls within their respective jurisdictions. The Timber and Grazing Branch, which has jurisdiction over the licensed timber berths, is, however, not so fortunately situated in this respect, since it has only a limited field staff. The Crown timber agents and their office staffs are obviously unable to devote any material personal attention to these technical matters in the field. The inspectors under the Crown timber agents are the only men upon whom this work can fall under the present plan of organization. Of these, one is at New Westminster, one at Kam-loops, one at Calgary, six at Edmonton, four at Prince Albert, and five at Winnipeg. The time of these men has previously been fully occupied with the duties regularly incident to their positions, and it would be hopeless to expect that anything like adequate results can be accomplished by trying to place upon these already fully occupied men the responsibility for the enforcement of the technical forestry pro-visions of the licenses. These provisions have not been enforced in

6-c. c.


Previous Forest Protection in Canada 1913-1914 Next