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REPORTS OF COMMITTEE ON FORESTS   79

Additions to Existing Reserves

Cypress Hills    26

Porcupine    2,559

Total for Saskatchewan    8,426

MANITOBA

Square miles Lake Winnipeg (new reserve)    546

Eastern Manitoba (new reserve)    231   777

Total for Manitoba    777

Total for British Columbia (Railway Belt), Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba, 20,980 square miles.

TRENT WATERSHED SURVEY

There is now in process of publication a report on the Trent Watershed Survey, by Dr. C. D. Howe and Mr. J. H. White. This report was prepared under the direction of Dr. B. E. Fernow, and shows very clearly the serious consequences which have followed the agricultural settlement of a section of old Ontario, which for the most part is essentially non-agricultural in character. The soil having quickly become impoverished from cultivation, the people who remained on the poorer lands are living under undesirable economic conditions. The merchantable timber has been largely removed, and protection from fire on such lands, having ceased to be worth the while of the limit-holders, has therefore practically not been given. Neither has such protection been considered practicable or worth while on the part of the Provincial Government itself. The result is that the repeated fires have destroyed a young growth of timber having a potential stumpage value of millions of dollars, besides impoverishing the soil, facilitating erosion, and so changing the composition of the forest that its possible future value is greatly decreased.

 

 

This is a matter of serious import to the Dominion Watershed of Government, since the area in question comprises

Trent Canal

a large portion of the watershed of the Trent canal, the partial construction of which has already involved the expenditure of something like ten millions of dollars. It is thoroughly established that a forest cover exercises a very beneficial influence in preventing extremes of low-water and high-water stages. The maintenance of a forest upon the slopes is, therefore, of the greatest importance, in order to supplement and protect the necessary system of dams for water storage. To this end, it is essential that an adequate system of fire-

2,585


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