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.ditions, on burns and cut-over lands in British Columbia, to supplement the information relative to the stand of timber, etc., being collected by Dr. Whitford.

A detailed summary of the needs for the ensuing fiscal year is as follows:

For continuation of work of Dr. H. N. Whitford,

study of forest resources of British Columbia.... $4,500 For additional man to co-operate with Dr. Whitford in

British Columbia    4,500 For continuation of work of J. C. Blumer, study of forest

resources of Saskatchewan    4,000

Study of forest reproduction in British Columbia   2,000

Co-operative forest investigation in New Brunswick..   2,000


Total    $17,000


The total needed is thus $17,000, or $10,000 additional to the sum made available during the present year. If the Commission desires to retain the services of Dr. Whitford and 1\Ir. Blumer, continuous employment must be provided, otherwise new men must be found when the work can again be taken up, thus losing the benefit of the personal experience gained by the men, and delaying the work so greatly that its value will be largely lost before the final results can be secured.


Each year, for some years past, the Forestry Branch of the Department of the Interior has had six or seven parties in the field examining the lands in the western provinces which are under Dominion jurisdiction. The purpose of this work has been to determine the lands that control watersheds or are absolute forest lands and which should, therefore, he set apart for timber production. In addition to the area of 35,805 square miles already set apart for forest purposes by Act of Parliament, the surveys show that there is an additional area of 20,980 square miles which is best suited for timber growth.


Protection of   These areas are of two characters. There are, first, the

Forested   large forested watersheds in the northern portions of

Watersheds the provinces of Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and Alberta, such as the Porcupine hills, the Pasquia hills, the Swan hills and others. These form the main watershed between the Mackenzie and Churchill River systems and the Saskatchewan and Red River systems, and should, in addition to protecting the water supply, form the great source of timber for domestic and manufacturing purposes for the great prairie regions to the south.

The second class of reserves are smaller or larger areas of light sandy lands, scattered through the prairie, which are of absolutely no agricultural value and which, although now generally denuded of tree

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