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REPORTS OF COMMITTEE ON FORESTS   75

locomotives running on portions of the Transcontinental not yet opened to traffic.

It is believed, also, that the best results would be secured in the long run by making the Government railways subject to the same fire regulations as are prescribed by the Board of Railway Commissioners for lines under its jurisdiction. This action is accordingly recommended.

INVESTIGATION OE FOREST RESOURCES

Considerable progress may also be reported in connection with matters other than railway fire protection. A beginning has been made toward the collection of information relative to the forest resources and forest conditions of the Dominion. The value and importance of this work may be realized when it is considered that there is at the present time no sufficient basis for anything like a reliable estimate of the forest resources of the Dominion as a whole. It is, however, known, in a general way, that these resources have been vastly over-estimated, and that, instead of being able to supply the United States after her timber shall have been exhausted, Canada has, as a matter of fact, probably not more than one-fifth to one-fourth as much saw-timber as has the United States.

Inventory of   The work of collecting this information was corn-

Forest   menced during 1913 in two provinces. In British

Resources

Commenced Columbia Dr. H. N. Whitford has gathered information relative to the territory south of the railway belt. In this work, the co-operation of the British Columbia Forest Branch and the Forestry Branch of the Canadian Pacific railway has been of the very greatest value. Limit-holders have also been of very material assistance, by furnishing information as to the quantities of timber in various specific sections of the province. At the same time, Mr. J. C. Blumer has been engaged in similar work in the district west of Prince Albert in Saskatchewan. Here the co-operation of the Forestry Branch of the Department of the Interior has been most helpful. As in British Columbia, the limit-holders have provided much valuable information. It is considered exceedingly important that this work be continued until the two provinces have been covered. This is the first attempt at a comprehensive study of this kind in Canada, and the results will undoubtedly be of great interest and value.

It now seems, however, that, unless the existing appropriation can be increased, not only will it be impossible to extend this work so that the final result for the whole Dominion may be secured within a reason-able number of years, but it may even be necessary to cut down the amount of work now being done in British Columbia and Saskatche-


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