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governments, within the territory already covered by the jurisdiction and organization of each, has been consistently followed throughout. As a result, a considerable number of the officials of the Dominion Parks Branch, Dominion Forestry Branch, British Columbia Forest Branch, Department of Lands, Forests and Mines of Ontario, Forest Protection Branch of Quebec, and the Department of Crown Lands of New Brunswick have been appointed officers of the Fire Inspection Department of the Railway Commission. The principal work of these officials has been in connection with enforcing the requirements respecting patrol work and right-of-way clearing by the railways, as well as co-operating with the Operating Department of the Board in the inspection of fire-protective appliances in use on locomotives. Thus, the fire-protective work of the Board is carried on in full accord with existing fire-protective organizations of the Dominion and Provincial governments, and all unnecessary duplication is avoided.

Fire-Guards   In the Prairie provinces, fire-guard inspection has been

in Prairie   carried on under the direction of the Chief Fire

Provinces Guardian of Alberta and the Fire Commissioner of Saskatchewan, who have been appointed officers of the Railway Commission. It is hoped that a similar arrangement may be made in Manitoba, negotiations being under way for co-operation with the Fire Commissioner of that province.

Almost without exception, the results of the co-operative handling of the railway fire protection work have been highly satisfactory. Not only has the number of fires been reduced, but most of the fires that have occurred were prevented from spreading. It is worthy of note that the efficiency of the work is in direct ratio to the sufficiency and efficiency of the inspection staff made available by the various co-operating agencies. In the western provinces, especially, very little criticism can be made of the work. However, certain minor changes will be made with a view to still further increasing the usefulness of the organization.

In the east, the work of organization has been much slower, owing to the more conservative attitude taken by the authorities, resulting in an inadequate inspection staff being made available. Assurances have been received, however, which will mean a very much more satisfactory organization in the east during 1914. Such extension is particularly needed in Ontario at the present time. In Nova Scotia, too, the proposed plan of co-operation has not yet been put into effect, pending the appointment of a provincial forester. This appointment was provided for in a law passed last spring, following the report made by Dr. Fernow, on forest conditions in that province. It is proposed,

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