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THE RAILWAY FIRE SITUATION   67

Fire Protection in Ontario, Quebec and New Bruns-
wick along the Canadian Pacific Railway,
Season of 1914

By B. M. IVinegar, Forest Inspector, C. P. Ry.

In spite of the long, dry season and the droughts in May, July, and August, comparatively few very serious fires occurred on timber lands immediately adjoining the eastern lines of this railway. A great amount of damage was, however, done in various sections by fires which had their origin a long distance from our railway lines. Timber in the Laurentian mountains and on the upper Ottawa suffered severely.

New Brunswick Logging operations along this company's lines are not

Fairly Satis-   being carried on, except perhaps to a limited extent,

factory   and new settlement is not as marked as in some of the more western provinces.

Reproduction, which is very satisfactory generally, amply repays the cost of necessary protection. A total of 43 fires occurred on or within five miles of the company's lines during the fire season of 1914. Fourteen of these occurred within the 300-foot limit; of this number five were proved to be of foreign origin. Nine occurred immediately on the right-of-way, but the agency is not definitely known. The 29 other fires referred to occurred on cut-over timber lands, on farms, newly settled areas, etc. There was no damage from fires starting on right-of-way, nor did any fires on neighbouring land cause any timber losses. The fire situation in New Brunswick is fairly satisfactory.

Slash along highways, parallel to the company's rights-of-way, has been pretty well cleared up, and outside of a few deserted mill properties there seems little danger of a heavy loss.

Quebec has   In the old settled and thickly populated districts there

Difficult   is only a small portion of the area covered by forest

Conditions growth. These are used principally for wood-lots, but, here and there, some local timber industries thrive. Protection in such districts is comparatively simple, and very few losses are recorded each year. Fires rarely get away from the average farmer in the older districts, who is careful in doing his clearing.

Along the Laurentian and Maniwaki subdivisions, in the Laurentian mountains, a variety of conditions make difficult a satisfactory system of fire protection. Settlement is going on all the time, right after logging operations. The settler follows the lumberman, and the

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