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THE RAIL,WVAY FIRE SITUATION   59

(A). GRAIN STUBBLE LANDS-1. Section 297 of the Railway Act requires that " The Company shall at all times maintain and keep its right-of-way free from dead or dry grass, weeds and other unnecessary combustible matter." As to portions of lines where the right-of-way adjoins lands devoted to grain crops, this requirement is hereby extended to include the strip between the right-of-way and the edge of cultivation, provided that this requirement shall not apply more than ten feet outside the right-of-way on private land.

  1. It is generally agreed that if the right-of-way and adjacent narrow, uncultivated strip are freed from combustible material, in accordance with the above requirements, the greatest source of fire danger in cultivated sections will have been removed, and that, while in some sections and under some conditions the ploughing of fire-guards through grain stubble lands will still be necessary, in other sections and under other conditions such action is not essential to a reasonable degree of safety. It is also agreed that, in general, the best judge of the necessity of ploughing fire-guards through grain stubble lands is the owner or occupant of the land himself, and that, where such action is necessary, some degree of co-operation on the part of the land owner or occupant may reasonably be expected.

  2. You are accordingly required to provide for the ploughing of fire-guards through grain stubble lands adjacent to your lines in the provinces of Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba, wherever such action is necessary in the judgment of the owner or occupant of such land; and where such owner or occupant after notice by the railway company as hereinafter prescribed, shall take the initiative and plough, immediately following the cutting of the grain, such fire-guard, four feet in width at a distance of approximately one hundred feet from the main track for a remuneration of $1.75 per lineal mile of four-foot ploughed fire-guard, such amount to be paid by the company within forty days after the submission by the land owner or occupant of written statement of account to the railway company, it being understood that the minimum amount to be paid in any case shall be one dollar.

  3. The railway company shall notify land owners and occupants as to the above requirement, by posting printed notices at all stations and all public road crossings through cultivated sections within the provinces of Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba. Notices at stations shall be posted in a conspicuous place, readily accessible to the general public. Two copies of such notice shall be posted on the rail-way crossing sign pole in a substantial manner at each public road crossing, these notices to be on the opposite sides of pole, one copy facing the railway track. Such notices shall be posted not later than July 15, 1914.

  4. In notices to land owners and occupants, railway companies may insert a clause stating that the above arrangement relative to the construction of and payment for the fire-guarding of grain stubble lands will remain in effect during 1914 and successive years, until changed by public notices to be posted in a manner similar to that above pre-


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