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56   COMMISSION OF CONSERVATION

ASPEN OR POPLAR LANDS—NO change in requirements. It is, how-ever, suggested that fire-guarding of this class of land is generally unnecessary, and that exemptions may properly be requested in such cases, as provided in letter of May 24, 1913. Especial care must, how-ever, be taken to construct fire-guards, where practicable, along lines running through or near forest reserves.

CULTIVATED LANDS—All grass, brush, weeds and other unnecessary combustible matter shall be burned or otherwise removed, between the track and the edge of the cultivated land, provided that this requirement shall not extend more than ten feet outside the right-of-way on private land. Every effort must be made to have this work completed in an efficient manner at the earliest practicable date this autumn. \y'here mowing is necessary to secure a clean burn, this action must be taken. .

It is generally agreed that if the right-of-way and adjacent narrow uncultivated strip are freed from combustible material, in accordance with the above requirements, the greatest source of fire danger in cultivated sections will have been removed, and that, while in some sections and under some conditions the ploughing of fire-guards through cultivated land will still be necessary, in other sections and under other conditions such action is not essential to a reasonable degree of safety. It is also agreed that in general the best judge of the necessity for ploughing fire-guards through cultivated lands is the owner or occupant of the land himself, and that, where such action is necessary, some degree of co-operation on the part of the land owner or occupant may reasonably be expected.

You are accordingly required, in addition to the measures above pre-scribed, to plough either four-foot or eight-foot fire-guards through cultivated lands adjacent to your lines in the provinces of Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba, wherever such action is necessary in the judgment of the owner or occupant of such land, and where such owner or occupant will undertake to plough, immediately following the harvest, either a four-foot or an eight-foot fire-guard, as he may consider necessary, at a distance of approximately 100 feet from the track, for a remuneration of $1.75 per lineal mile of four-foot fire-guard, or $3.00 per lineal mile of eight-foot fire-guard, such amount to be promptly paid by the company, it being understood that the minimum amount to be paid in any case shall be one dollar.

Where the owner or occupant of such cultivated land is unwilling to undertake the construction of fire-guards in accordance with the above, the company will exercise its discretion as to whether it will make other arrangements for the ploughing of fire-guards or leave such lands unguarded. In case the owner or occupant will neither contract for the construction of such fire-guards nor permit such work to be done by an agent of the company, the company may either drop the matter of fire-guarding or make application to the Board for authority to enter upon such land for the purpose of fire-guard construction, over the protest of such owner or occupant. Such refusal must, however, be reported to the Board, as required by General Order 107 and by letter of May 24, 1913.


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