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54   COMMISSION OF CONSERVATION

where and for what reason there shall have been failure to comply with the requirements of this order. Said report shall account fully in the above respects for all lines of the company in the said provinces, including lines under construction.

In every case where the owner or occupant of cultivated land objects to the construction of fire-guards, the name and address of such owner or occupant, together with the description of the land in question, both by legal subdivision and railway mileage, shall be immediately submitted to the Board, as provided in Regulation 9 of Order 16,570, above referred to. This information shall also be shown upon the graphic chart constituting the annual report. Exemption by the Chief Fire Inspector is not necessary in such cases, since Order 16,570 specifically prescribes the procedure.

Very truly yours

(Signed) CLYDE LEAVITT

Chief Fire Inspector, B.R.C. The principal points in which the above requirements

Synopsis of   differ from those issued in 1912 are as follows: Variations

(1) A specific classification of lands, with separate

treatment prescribed for each.

  1. Eight feet of ploughing, instead of sixteen, in the case of cultivated lands; only the right-of-way to be burned off. Distance from track, 100 feet instead of 300.

  2. In fenced grazing lands, ploughing to be at a distance of 200 feet from the track, instead of 300 feet. Requirement for burning off grass between guard and track reduced to cover burning off of right-of-way only; this to decrease loss of pasturage.

It will be noted that this order made it necessary for railway companies to handle the fire-guarding of cultivated lands in substantially the same way as open prairie and fenced grazing lands, viz., by the contract system. In practice, however, great difficulty was found in securing permission of land owners or occupants to enter for the purpose of fire-guarding. Much time was lost by the necessity for repeated visits, by railway representatives, in order to find the owner or occupant. Unnecessary expense was in some sections incurred in ploughing fire-guards in grain stubble where the climatic conditions did not render such action necessary. Farmers were subject to annoyance by railway employees, in connection with the granting or refusal of permission to enter upon cultivated land, and also through the danger of fences being cut and gates left open in connection with fire-guarding operations. It was also found very difficult, if not impracticable, to handle the fire-guarding of grain stubble lands efficiently under the contract system applicable to open prairie and fenced grazing lands, on account of the


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