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52   COMMISSION OF CONSERVATION

dry grass and other unnecessary combustible matter shall be burned or otherwise removed from the right-of-way. \Vhere the right-of-way is 200 feet in width, the fire-guard may be ploughed at the outer edge of the right-of-way immediately inside the fence.

The construction of fire-guards is not required where, on account of recent ploughing, or the presence of non-combustible crop, there is no danger of fire spreading and doing damage.

The construction of fire-guards in standing grain or other similar crops is not required, but fire-guards shall be constructed as above pre-scribed immediately following the cutting or harvesting of such crops.

Your attention is called to the requirement of Order No. 16,570, that " No such railway company shall permit its employees, agents, or contractors to enter upon land under cultivation, to construct fire-guards, without the consent of the owner or occupant of such lands," and that " Wherever the owner or occupant of such land objects to the construction of fire-guards, on the ground that said construction would involve unreasonable loss or damage to property, the Company shall at once refer the matter to the Board, giving full particulars thereof, and shall in the meantime refrain from proceeding with the work." Said order also provides that " No agent, employee or contractor of any such railway company shall permit gates to be left open or to cut or leave fences down, whereby stock or crops may be injured, or do any other unnecessary damage to property, in the construction of fire-guards."

Where the owner or owners of cultivated lands have refused the company permission to plough fire-guards on such lands, and where, on account of weather conditions or other reasons, the dead or dry grass and other unnecessary combustible matter on the right-of-way has not been burned off or otherwise removed, the company shall construct a fire-guard along the outer edge of the right-of-way in the form of a ploughed strip not less than eight feet in width. Such ploughing along the outer edge of the right-of-way shall be done either before or immediately following such cutting or harvesting of crops on the adjacent cultivated lands.

Fenced Grazing Lands—On fenced, uncultivated lands, fire-guards shall be constructed and maintained in the form of a ploughed strip not less than 16 feet in width, not less than 200 feet from the centre of the track. All dead or dry grass and other unnecessary combustible matter shall be burned or otherwise removed from the right-of-way.

Open Prairie—On unfenced, uncultivated lands, fire-guards shall be constructed and maintained in the form of a ploughed strip not less than 16 feet in width, not less than 300 feet from the centre of the track. All dead or dry grass and other unnecessary combustible matter between such ploughed strip and the track shall be burned or otherwise removed from such strip.

Aspen or Poplar Lands—In sections where fire-guards are necessary and, on account of aspen or poplar growth it is impracticable to plough, the fire-guard may be constructed by clearing away such trees and undergrowth and removing all combustible material on the ground,


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