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50   COMMISSION OF CONSERVATION

try to have our men do such work on rainy days, when there is no track work they can do. While there are laws in the states of Massachusetts and New Hampshire regarding the removal of slash, we are glad to state that the people are gradually growing more willing to allow strips of their property alongside the railroad to be burned or cleared for fire protection purposes. We are trying to make people see that, while preventing fire claims is a large factor, we also have a great interest in conserving our forests, because they mean lumber, and lumber means freight, and freight means revenue; and further, New England, being the vacation grounds of this country (so we think, at least), we must do everything to maintain its picturesqueness, which, to a large extent, is due to its woods, so that we may secure the passenger revenue therefrom."

Although it should not be necessary for railways to incur expense for the disposal of inflammable debris outside rights-of-way in forest sections, and such action can not be expected except under the most unusual circumstances, nevertheless some excellent results have been secured during 1914 through co-operation between railways and governmental as well as private agencies. In a few cases, particularly along the Grand Trunk and Canadian Pacific (eastern lines) railways, there was co-operation between the railway company and the owners of adjacent lands, resulting in the disposal of inflammable debris on a narrow strip adjacent to the right-of-way. The best example of this occurred in Algonquin Park, Out., where the provincial Department of Lands, Forests and Mines employed a gang of men and cleared up the inflammable debris along a portion of the Grand Trunk right-of-way and lands immediately adjacent thereto, the Grand Trunk management bearing one-half the cost. It is expected that this arrangement will be continued in 1915, until the line through the park shall have been covered.

Along the Canadian Pacific line, through the Shawanaga and Nipissing Indian reserves in Ontario, the Department of Indian Affairs disposed of inflammable debris on a strip adjacent to the railway, the company having cleared up the right-of-way independently.

In each of the above cases, the Department concerned is entitled to much credit for its progressive action.

Fire-Guard Construction

The question of fire-guard requirements in the Prairie provinces has received most thorough consideration by the Board's fire inspection department since its inception, in the spring of 1912. The requirements for that year (see Forest Protection in Canada, 1912, p. 34) were necessarily substantially those which had been in effect under the


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