reporting and extinguishing of fires along railway lines. The form of instructions issued follows closely, in most cases, the draft prepared by the Board and submitted to the railways for their consideration. While undoubtedly these instructions have not been strictly observed in all cases, their issuance has unquestionably improved the railway fire situation very materially, and this improvement may be expected to continue.
An example of such instructions may be seen at page 70 of this report.
Inspection of The inspection of fire-protective appliances on loco-
Appliances motives is under the jurisdiction of the operating
department of the Board. However, during 1913 and 1914, 28 local officials of the fire inspection department were instructed in this work, in co-operation with the operating department. This makes a total of 33 of the local fire inspectors in this department who have been so instructed. The services of these men in connection with this line of work are especially valuable as to railway lines under construction, and the more remote branches of railways in forest sections,. since they supplement materially the regular inspections by operating department officials.
Oil fuel is in exclusive use on 477 miles of the Cana-
motive dian Pacific railway, on 134 miles of the Esquimalt and'
Nanaimo railway, and on 115 miles of the Great Northern railway, a total of 726 miles, all in British Columbia. In no case has a definite report been submitted of a fire caused by an oil-burning engine in Canada. The Grand Trunk Pacific railway has announced that during the spring and early summer of 1915, oil-burning engines will be installed on that portion of its lines in British Columbia and Alberta between Prince Rupert and Jasper, a distance of 718 miles. It is expected that this action will materially decrease the danger of fire along this portion of the line. The use of oil fuel is purely voluntary with the railways, and its adoption is dictated altogether by business considerations.
During the past two years, complaints have been received by the Board as to fire danger resulting from the use as locomotive fuel of certain classes of western coals. In order to secure expressions of opinion from all concerned, the Board issued Circular No. 141, under date of January 25, 1915, containing the suggestion that it might be