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20   COMMISSION OF CONSERVATION

was not too heavy to prevent, the patrols consisted of men with power speeders. In the case of grades too heavy for the use of velocipedes or power speeders, foot patrols were prescribed.

In sections where the fire danger was considered medium, special patrols were required by members of the section crews, as a part of their regular work. The matter of reporting and extinguishing fire on lines or portions of lines where the fire hazard is considered light, was satisfactorily taken care of by the issuance of instructions by the railway companies, to their regular employees, under Regulation 14 of General Order No. 107. Such instructions were issued by nearly all the railway lines subject to the Board's jurisdiction.

In every case the question of the patrols to be required was fully taken up in advance with representatives of the railways concerned, so that, as a rule, the patrol letters as issued represent substantial agreement between the railways, the Board and the Dominion or Provincial fire-prctective organization having primary responsibility for the protection from fire of the lands adjacent to the railway rights-ofway. In this way, the element of arbitrariness in the handling of the work has been practically removed. The consistent following out of this policy has, in view of the admirable spirit of co-operation exhibited by most of the railway officials concerned, resulted in the almost complete elimination of friction in the administration of this feature of the Board's requirements.

Although minor modifications were made in both 1913 and 1914, the requirements as to lines in the four western provinces were, as a rule, closely similar to those prescribed in 1912. The organization of this work did not extend to the east in that year.

Letters prescribing patrols or other special measures to be taken in connection with railway fire protection were issued to the following railway companies in both 1913 and 1914: Canadian Pacific western lines, Canadian Pacific eastern lines, Canadian Northern, Canadian Northern Ontario, Canadian Northern Quebec, Grand Trunk Pacific, Grand Trunk, Great Northern, Victoria and Sidney, Esquimalt and Nanaimo, Kettle Valley, Edmonton, Dunvegan and British Columbia, and TTmiscouata. As to other lines, the issuance of special instructions to regular employees, under Regulation 14 of General Order No. 107, was considered sufficient. The Quebec and Lake St. John railway came under the Board's jurisdiction in July, 1914, by virtue of the Canadian Northern Railway Guarantee Act. During the balance of the fire season of that year, the patrol requirements previously prescribed by the Quebec Public Utilities Commission were continued, under the authority of the Board.


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