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Io8   FODDER AND PASTURE PLANTS.

is for pasture, either alone or as bottom grass in mixtures. It is remarkably well suited for the latter purpose. It covers the ground quickly, providing a pasture of high nutritive value, relished by all kinds of stock. It stands tramping well and close grazing, instead of being harmful, stimulates it to a stronger growth. If the moisture is sufficient, it gives good pasture from spring to late summer. On account of being perennial, it is especially suited for permanent pastures and lawns. Six to eight pounds of seed will cover an acre.

 

Seed: In reasonably moist seasons the production of White Clover for seed is quite a profitable business, as the price is higher than that of other clover seeds. In case of prolonged drought the crop is light. The average yield is four or five bushels per acre.

When grown for seed, it is generally grazed down during the spring; sometimes it is cut for hay early in the season to encourage the production of heads. As the plants continue to blossom for a long time, the ripening is somewhat uneven. The seed crop should be cut when most of the heads have turned a dark brown and should be handled with the greatest care.

 

Quality of seed: The seed of White Clover is yellowish red in general appearance; any sample consists of a mixture of red and yellow seeds. It is generally assumed that good seed is bright yellow and that the red seeds are old and of a low germination. Tests made with yellow and red seeds picked out of commercial samples have shown, however, that there is no essential difference in the germination, provided the latter are plump and otherwise normally developed. The legal weight is sixty pounds per bushel.

ALSIKE CLOVER (Trifolium hybridum L.) Plate 2o; Seed, Plate 27, Fig. 32.

 

Botanical description: Alsike Clover is perennial with erect or generally ascending stems which do not root at the base as do those of White Clover. They usually reach a height of one or two feet and branch in their upper parts. The whole plant is hairless and for this reason is brighter in colour than is Red Clover. The leaflets are shorter and comparatively broader. The flower heads have much longer stalks than those of Red Clover and in this way are more like those of White Clover. They differ from the latter,


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