where more valuable grasses would make a poor stand. Although it succeeds in medium wet soil, it is generally used where moisture is rather scarce. It is highly prized on account of its drought-resisting qualities; in dry summers it produces more green feed than any other grass. Especially in those parts of the Prairie Provinces where the rainfall is light, Awnless Brome Grass is desirable. It is adapted to western Canada on account of its hardiness and its ability to stand sudden and great climatic changes. It is extensively grown in Hungary, where the climate is much like that of the Canadian west.
Habits of growth: Like most other perennial grasses, Awnless Brome Grass grows rather slowly the year it is sown. The second year the crop is heavy and the third year it usually reaches its maximum. Owing to the great stooling power of the rootstock, the ground soon becomes sod-bound and it is necessary to renew the field in order to keep up the yield. When once established it is persistent and thorough cultivation is required to suppress it. It starts growth early in spring and keeps on producing stems and leaves until late in fall.
Agricultural value: Its ability to furnish green feed, even in a hot, dry summer, makes it valuable for pasture, although its nutritive value cannot be compared with that of Kentucky Blue Grass, for instance. Its indifference to the tramping of cattle and sheep makes it especially important in sandy and gravelly pastures.
Fodder: Although opinions of the feeding value of the hay differ, it is safe to say that it can scarcely be compared to medium quality Timothy. In a dry climate it is generally advisable to sow it alone for hay and without a nurse crop. Ten or twelve pounds of seed to the acre have been found sufficient at the Indian Head experimental farm. More seed will give a better crop the first year but less afterwards, as the roots thicken up and produce a dense sod. It should be cut before flowering as it becomes hard and less palatable after that and loses much of its nutritive value. Under favour-able conditions, two crops of hay can be secured during the season, the second, however, being rather light and consisting chiefly of leaves. The hay is relished by all kinds of stock. It may be fed for milk as well as for beef production. On account of its laxative properties it is less suitable for working horses.
Seed: Awnless Brome Grass should be cut for seed when the spikelets have a brownish-violet tint. If cut too early the seed will