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68   FODDER AND PASTURE PLANTS.

growth is insignificant. As a pasture grass it is of considerable value. It makes a vigorous and rapid growth and stands tramping well.

Seed: In central Europe the seed of Rough-stalked Meadow Grass is generally secured from wild plants, in which case it is simply stripped off by hand when ripe. In Denmark the seed is grown for commerce on a comparatively large scale. The same field is harvested from two to four years. Fifteen to twenty pounds of seed per acre are sown as a rule.

Quality of seed: The seeds are provided with cobweb-like hairs similar to those of Kentucky Blue Grass and the seeds are alike in other respects, the only difference being that in the seed of Rough-stalked Meadow Grass the glumes have more prominent nerves.

The seed of Kentucky Blue Grass being much cheaper, it is often used as a substitute for Rough-stalked Meadow Grass. As a matter of fact, pure seed of the latter is difficult to obtain.

WOOD MEADOW GRASS (foci nemoralis L.)

Botanical description: Wood Meadow Grass is perennial, with a short rootstock, and grows in loose tufts. The tufts consist chiefly of flower-bearing stems, sterile, leafy shoots being developed late in the season, usually after the seed is ripe. The stems are more slender than in the other species of Poa herein described, and the stem leaves are much longer. The leaves are very narrow, usually about as broad as the stem, and their ligule is extremely short or even wanting. The panicle is thin, oblong to egg-shaped when in bloom, but later contracted and narrow. The spikelets are one-coloured, generally green to bright brownish. They contain one to five flowers.

Geographical distribution: Wood Meadow Grass is indigenous to Europe and temperate Asia and is claimed to be a native of Canada. This, however, is doubtful, the Canadian plants generally named Poa nemoralis being widely different from the true European type. Thus, the Canadian Poa nemoralis is found in meadows, along borders of woods, and even on the open prairie. The true Wood Meadow Grass occurs in woods and will not thrive in exposed places, at least not on open prairies. It is especially common in beech woods, where the shade is heavy, or under other deciduous trees.

Agricultural value: Wood Meadow Grass, being a resident of shady localities, is evidently of no agricultural value, either for hay


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