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Habits of growth: Yellow Oat Grass is medium early, flowering a little later than Orchard Grass. When soil and climate are suit-able, it makes a good stand in a short time and spreads readily.



Agricultural value: On account of its somewhat tufted habit, it should always be sown with other grasses. Its principal value is for bottom grass in hay mixtures, as it increases both the yield and the feeding quality. After cutting it produces a great number of new stems and leaves, and the second growth may be profitably used for either hay or pasture. All kinds of stock like it, and in some parts of Europe it is considered one of the most valuable fodder grasses. Experiments in Canada, however, have not given promising results. When sown alone, twenty to twenty-five pounds of seed should be applied to the acre.



Seed: The commercial seed of Yellow Oat Grass is genc rally very impure, as it is always secured from mixtures with other grasses, especially Tall Oat and Orchard Grass, and afterwards separated by sieves. It is yellowish-brown and weighs from five to six pounds a bushel.

These keep

Seeming and savour all the winter long.

—Shakespeare, Winter's Tale, Act 4, Sc. III.11592

Over-luxuriance in corn is repressed by the teeth of cattle, but only while it is in the blade; in which case, if depastured upon ever so often, no injury to it when in the ear will be the result.—Pliny, Natural History, 23-79.

The elements of agriculture are the same as those of the world: water, earth, air, the sun. These things are to be understood before you sow your seed, which is the origin of vegetation.—Marcus Terentius Varro, 116–27 B.C.

Everyone will tell you that manure is the best thing in the world for agriculture, and every one can see how naturally it is produced. Still, though the method of production is accurately known, though there is every facility to get it in abundance, the fact remains that, while one man takes pains to have manure collected, another is entirely neglectful. And yet God sends us rain from heaven, and every hollow place becomes a standing pool, while earth supplies material of every kind; the sower, too, about to sow, must cleanse the soil, and what he takes as refuse from it needs only to be thrown into water and time itself will do the rest, shaping all to gladden earth. For matter in every shape, nay, earth itself, in stagnant water turns to fine manure.—Xenophon, The Econcmist, 434355 B.C.

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