FISHERIES STATISTICS vii
of 19,000 cwt. in Prince Edward Island, and of 8,000 cwt. in Quebec. Nova Scotia on the other hand produced 17,000 cwt. more, while New Brunswick also had an increase of over 4,000 cwt. It should be noted, however, in connection with the Nova Scotia increase that had it not been for the special fishery season allowed at the end of 1921, which produced 33,000 cwt., there would have been a decrease of 16,000 cwt. as compared with the regular fishing season in the preceding year.
There was a gratifying increase in the catch of oysters. All the provinces show greater catches, New Brunswick especially so. The increase amounted to 4,000 barrels.
Clams also were taken in larger numbers in all the provinces except Nova Scotia . The total increase amounted to 2,777 barrels.
The catch of scallops was approximately 1,500 barrels greater than in the preceding year.
River Spawning Fish.—The salmon fishery, which had been showing diminished catches for some years, suddenly produced an increase of 14,000 cwt. over the catch of 1920. That year, however, was much below an average one.
The smelt fishery was successfully prosecuted, and resulted in an increase of 25,000 cwt. as compared with the preceding year's catch.
The fishery for alewives or gaspereaux gave very meagre results. The catch was not more than about one-third of that of the preceding year. In the Harbour of St. John, New Brunswick, where the bulk of the total catch is usually taken, the fishery was almost a failure.
The lakes of the Prairie Provinces produced in the aggregate a somewhat greater quantity compared with the production in the preceding year. There was a decrease in value, however, of $400,084. Notwithstanding a smaller number of men engaged in fishing, the catch in Alberta for commercial purposes showed a slight increase. An establishment for canning, smoking and salting fish was erected on the shore of lake Athabasca in the summer of 1921, and put in operation daily during the last half of September.
Fewer fishermen operated in Saskatchewan owing to the depressed condition of the markets in the first half of the year. The commercial catch, consequently, was slightly less.
There was an increased catch in the lakes of Manitoba.
The St. John River district in New Brunswick produced a slightly greater catch with a considerably greater value.
Salmon.—The salmon pack of British Columbia amounted to 602,657 cases of all kinds. This is a little more than half the number of cases packed in the preceding year. The greatly decreased pack was due in a large measure to the lack of demand for the cheaper grades, such as pinks and chums, as a result of the over-supply in recent years. Unfortunately, however, the pack of the more valuable sock-eye was a very poor one. Not only was this the case in the Fraser River district, where dwindling runs of this variety are now noted without surprise, but it was equally so in the Naas, Skeena, Rivers Inlet, and outlying districts of the north. Spring salmon were fairly abundant in some of the northern districts, and the pack of this variety was greater. It was much less, however, in the Fraser River and Vancouver Island districts.
Halibut.—This fishery resulted in the landing of 325,868 cwt., against 238,770 cwt. for the year 1920. Nearly two-thirds of the total landings in British Columbia were made by United States vessels, mainly at Prince Rupert,