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INDIM   409

Newspapers, early, 118, 168; criticise Government, 202, 212, 216, 235, 260.

New Westminster, 270.

New York, Englsh at, 42, 49, 67. New Zealand, 338, 339.

Niagara, fort at, 79, 90; taken, 97; given up to Americans, 161. Nootka, 148, 149.

Norsemen, 4, 5.

North-West Company, 150, 101; opposed to settlement, 192-195.

" North-West Passage," 148.

North-West Territories, separate government, 313; settlers in, 316; rebellion in, 318-323. Notre Dame des Victoires," church of, 70, 75.

Nova Scotia, early settlements in, 17.21; baronets of, 21, 30; ceded to England; 76, 113; French invade, 81; settlers arrive in, 86, 87, 104; discontent in, 90; in danger, 128, 158; land grants in, 198; bad trade, 197; quarrels in legislature, 198, 247; against Confederation, 279, 283; reconciled to it, 297.

Nuns, Hospital and Ursuline, 32, 33; hardships endured by, 45.

 

 

Oath of allegiance, Acadians re-fuse, 78.

"Officials' famine," 212. Ogdensburg, 177.

Ohio Valley, 86, 88, 89, 132. " Old Subjects," 118.

Onondagas, teachers sent to, 37. Ontario, 284; boundary, 317, en-

larged, 348.   (See Upper Can-

ada.)

Orders-in-Council, 170; repealed, 173.

Orleans, Isle of, 97.

Oswego, fort at, 79, 93, 187. Ottawa, capital, 265.

Ottawa River, Champlain explores, 25.

Otter, Colonel, 323, 337.

Oxley, J. Macdonald, 388.

 

 

Paardeberg, 338.

Papineau, L. J., 209-214, 218, 226, Parker, Gilbert, 388.

Parliament, Dominion, 277, 275;

first, 297; buildings burned, 370. Parliament of United Canada, first, 231,

Parliaments, provincial, 277, 283, 284, 841.

Parr, Governor, 142.

Patricia, District of, 348. Patterson, Governor, 134, 143, 144. Peace Centenary, 351.

Peace Conference, 372,

Peltrie, Madame de la, 32. Pemmican, 193.

Penobscot, 20, 40, 65, 66. Pepperell, William, 81, 83.

Perrot, Governor, 55, 65.

Philips, Governor, 78.

Phips, Sir William, 69, 70.

Pitt, William (Earl of Chatham), 95.

Pitt, William (son of the preceding), 146.

Pittsburg, 96.

Placentia, 43.

Plattsburg, British attack, 183, 185, 190.

Poets, Canadian, some mentioned, 293, 390,

Pontiac, Chief, 114, 116. Population, 44, 65, 106, 152, 166,

197, 238, 268, 270, 2S6, 298,

308, 373, 374.

Port Royal, 18-21, 40.42, 69, 74;

taken, 75. (See Annapolis.) Post Office, 166, 240, 290, 348,

385.

Poundmaker, Chief, 323. Poutrincourt, Baron de, 18-21. Premier (prime minister), duties of 163, 164.

Presqu'ile Harbour, 184.

Prevost, Sir George, 168, 172, 173, 179, 190.

Prince Albert, 320.

Prince, Colonel, 228.

Prince Edward (Duke of gent). 162.

Prince Edward Island (Saint Jean or St. John), fishing station in, 42; submits to England, 95; annexed to Nova Scotia, 117; separate government, 134; quit-rents, 134, 143, 144, 199; name changed, 162; immigration to, 192; election riots, 248; enters Confederation, 308.

Princes of Wales, visits of, 266, 339.

Prince Rupert, 66.

Prince Rupert (city), 349. Printing, introduced into Canada, 118.

Prisons, 166, 221, 224, 226, 244.


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