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4o6   INDM

Farming, in early times, 44, 45,

165; in Nova Scotia, 197; in

New Brunswick, 199; in British

Columbia, 251; in Canada, 209,

238, 260, 264, 267; improve-

ments in, 288, 267, 377-379. Fencibles, Glengarry, 177. Fenians, 281, 282, 303, 304. Fielding, Mr., 336.

Fires, 109; 1liiramichi, 199; St. John's, 200, 249; Quebec, 246; Montreal Parliament Buildings, 255; forest, 316.

Fish Creek, fight at, 322. Fisheries, 381; Newfoundland, 199;

importance of, 381; trouble with

Americans over, 305, 306, 327,

330; with France over, 330;

British Columbia, 308. FitzGibbon, Colonel, 180-183, 220. Food, in early times, 45; of U. E.

Loyalists, 153, 154.

Forbes, General, 96.

Forest Reserves, 381.

Fort Carlton, 320.

Fort Chambly, 124.

Fort Chartres, 116.

Fort Crevecoeur, 58.

Fore Cumberland, 129.

Fort Douglas, 193, 194.

Fort Duquesne (afterwards Pitt), 89, 96, 116.

Fort Erie, 187, 188, 282.

Fort Frontenac (Cataraqui), 57, 96. Fort Garry, 299, 303.

Fort George, 174, 179, 186, 187. Fort Lawrence, 87.

Fort Pitt (N.W.T.), 320.

Fort St. Louis, Cape Sable, 21, 30. Fort St. Louis, Quebec, 31, 45. Fort Vercheres, 70, 71.

Fort William, 195, 301.

Fort William Henry, 90, 93. French, 336, 341.   (See Great War.)

Francis I of France, 11, 12. Franciscans. (See Recollets.) Fraser, Simon, 191.

Fredericton, 143.

French, General, 347.

Frenchtown, battle at, 177. Frontenac, Count de, 54-58, 64, 68-72.

Fuca, Juan de, 16.

Fur trade, monopolies of, 17, 18, 19, 23, 24, 28; flourishing, 31, 51, 71; competition between French and English in, 54; in west, 239, 279, 315.

Fur traders, lawless, 47, 192-195; as pioneers, 53, 149, 192, 239. Fur farmers, 380.

Gallows Hill, fight at, 220.

Galt, Alexander, 279, 315.

Galt, John, 203, 242.

" Gentilhommes," 44.

George I1I, 117, 139.

George V, 342, 343.

Germany, 336. (See Great War.) Gilbert, Sir Humphrey, 15. Gladwin, major, 114.

Gold, in British Columbia, 268,

270, 308; in the Yukon, 334. Gosford, Earl of, 213, 214, 224. Gourlay, Robert, 201, 202. Government, British plan, 163,

164; colonial plan, 164, 165. Grand Pre, English surprised at,

84.

Grant, Dr. G. M., 387.

Grey, Earl, 345.

Grievances, Canadian, 120, 165,
166, 207, 212, 224, 226, 262.

Haldimand, General, 131, 155. Halfbreeds discontented, 298, 318. Haliburton, T. C., 156, 242-244. Halifax, founded, 86; in war time,

158, 165; disaster, 1917, 365. Hamilton, General Sir Ian, 347. Hampton, General, 184, 185. Hannay, Dr. James, 388.

Harvey, Sir John (Col.), 179, 234, 247.

Head, Sir Edmund, 263.

Head, Sir Francis, 215.221, 224. Hearne, Samuel, 149, 242.

Hincks, Sir Francis, 259. Hochelaga, River (St. Lawrence), 13.

Holidays, in early days, 46, 106; later, 294.

Howard, Captain, 322.

Howe, Joseph, 235, 242, 283, 284, 297, 298.

Hudson Bay, discovered, 25. Hudson Bay Territories, rival

claims on, 30, 66, 67, 71, 72;

ceded to England, 76; explora-

tions in, 330.

Hudson, Henry, 25.

Hudson's Bay Company, founded, 66; 149, 150, 192-195, 196, 271, 297; in British Columbia, 251, 252, 268; gives up Vancouver, 270; surrenders trade monopoly in North-West, 298.


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