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404   INDM

Boundaries, quarrels over, 81; Acadian, 40, 76; Maine, 1F1,

  1. 250, 251; Western, 261, 252, 270, 271; Manitoba, 317; Alaskan, 335.

Bouquet, Colonel, 116.

Bowell, Sir Mackenzie, premier, 330, 332.

Braddock, General, defeated, 89. Bradstreet, Colonel, 96; deceived by Indians, 116.

Brandy trade, 31, 39.

Brant, Chief, 139.

Breboeuf, Father, 36.

British Columbia (New Caledonia or Pacific Coast), visited, 16 148; rival claims on, 149, 251, 252; immigration into, 252; gold discovered, 268; new government, 270; Vancouver joined with, 307; enters Confederation, 307; difficulties about C.P.R., 311.

British Empire, 330, 343.   (See
also Great War.)

British North America Act, 284. Brock, Sir Isaac, 172, 174. Brockville, 177.

Brodeur, Mr., 336.

Broke, Captain, 179, 180.

Brown, George, 260, 265, 273, 279, 281, 286; death of, 315.

Bryce, Dr., 387.

Buffaloes, 193, 318.

Burgoyne, General, surrenders, 130. Burlington Heights, 179.

 

Cabot, John and Sebastian, 11. Campbell, Sir A., 233.

Campbell, Sir Colin, 236.

Canada (New France), early settlements in, 23; change of government in, 39, 47, 48; invasion threatened, 74, 75, 84; distress in, 92, 94; ceded to England, 104, 113; divided, 145-147. (See Province of Quebec.)

Canada Company, 203.

Canada, Lower (Quebec), invasion of, 123; first parliament of, 158; discontent in, 119, 165; struggle for reform, 209-214; union with Upper Canada, 226,

  1. 230, 265; riots, 218, 219, 256, 257.

Canada, Upper ('Ontario), founded by Loyalists, 138; first parliament of, 159; new capital, 161 ; land grants, 166, 168; settlers in, 159, 166, 193, 203; discontent in, 201-207, 218-223; union with Lower Canada, 226, 230, 265.

   Canadian Pacific Railway.   (See
Railways.)

Canals, 131, 231, 240, 258, 264, 306, 383.

Canal, Panama, 349.

Canso, 81, 83.

Cape Breton Island, 30, 76, 77; submits to England, 95; changes of government in, 117, 142; coal mines of, 133.

Carignan regiment, 49.

   Carleton, General Sir Guy.   (See
Lord Dorchester).

Carleton, Thomas, 143, 165.

" Caroline," destruction of the, 221, 222.

Cartier, Jacques, 12-14.

Cartier, Sir George, 279.

Castine, 198.

Cathcart, Earl, 252.

Chamberlain, Joseph, 340. Chamberlin, Colonel B., 303. Charles I of Engand, helps Hug-

uenots, 29; renounces claims on

Acadia, etc., 30.

Charles II, 66.

Charlottetown, raid on, 135; .convention at, 274.

Chateauguay, battle of, 185. Chatham, settlement at, 192. Chauveau, 293, 387.

Chesapeake, Leopard and, 171; Shannon and, 179, 180. Chippewa, battle of, 187.

Cholera, 203.

Chrysler's Farm, battle of, 185, 186. Churches, early, 157; increase in

number of, 244, 350; treated

unequally, 204, 205.

Civil List Bill, 234.

Clergy Reserves, set apart, 147,

207; agitation against, 204, 207,

259; secularization of, 262. Colbert, colonial policy of, 50. Colborne, Sir John, 206, 207, 214.

215, 221, 222, 224, 227, 229. Colebrook, Sir William, 247.

Coles, George, 249.

   Colleges, 241; grants to,   247;
founded, 386, 387; Naval, 346. Collins, editor, 206.

Colonial Conference, 330.

Columbus, Christopher, 10, 11. Company of Hundred Associates

(of New France), 28, 31, 32, 39,

42, 44.

Confederation, suggested, 226, 257, 265, 273; Charlottetown Convention, 274; Quebec scheme, 275, 277, 284; accomplished, 283, 285; Nova Scotia dissatisfied with, 283, 297; British Columbia enters, 307; Prince Ed-


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