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386   CANADIAN HISTORY rOR BOYS AND GIRLS.

more recently, an Italian, Signor Marconi, invented a method of sending messages by electricity long distances (even across the ocean) without the use of wires. Now, many steamships are equipped with apparatus for sending It wireless " messages, and 50 1\Tarconi stations are at work, chiefly on our coasts and the Great Lakes. During this period the telephone was invented at Brantford, by

.SIGNOR MARCONI,

Inventor of Wireless
Telegraphy.

A. GRAHAM BELL,

Inventor of the Telephone.

A. Graham Bell; and in 18i7 the first telephone ever used for business purposes was established in Hamilton, Ont. In 1916 there were over a million and a half miles of telephone lines in the country.

All the chief towns and many villages are now lighted with electricity.

The census of igoi showed that a far larger Education. proportion of the people could read and write than in 1871, and the system of education is still improving in all the provinces. The Universities of Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta and British Columbia, and a large number of schools and colleges, have been founded since Confederation ; and in 1915 there were nearly 27,000

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