A. Graham Bell; and in 18i7 the first telephone ever used for business purposes was established in Hamilton, Ont. In 1916 there were over a million and a half miles of telephone lines in the country.
All the chief towns and many villages are now lighted with electricity.
The census of igoi showed that a far larger Education. proportion of the people could read and write than in 1871, and the system of education is still improving in all the provinces. The Universities of Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta and British Columbia, and a large number of schools and colleges, have been founded since Confederation ; and in 1915 there were nearly 27,000