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382   CANADIAN HISTORY rOR BOYS AND GIRLS.

A   great   increase has

taken   place

since

Shipping.   Confederation   in   the

number   of

ves-

sels   entering   Canadian   ports,   but

for   many

years

after iron and steel ships came into

use (from

about

1874)   the   ship-building   industry

declined.

1Tore

recently shipyards for modern steel

vessels have

been

established at Port Arthur, Collingwood, Toronto and

Kingston,   on   the   Great   Lakes ;   at   Montreal,

Levis

and   Sorel, on the   St. Lawrence; and at New

Glas-

gow, On the Nova Scotian coast.

The losses caused

S.S. EIMPRESS OF BRITAIN, CANADIAN PACIFIC OCEAN SERVICES.
Length 570 feet, 14,500 tons, speed 18/ knots.

by submarines have given a new impetus to this old Canadian industry, and in 1918 more " tonnage " was built than in all the years from 1902 to 1914. The Imperial Munitions Board ordered 23 steel and 45 wooden ships, and the French Government 50 wooden vessels.

Canals.   Since 1867 much work has been done in

deepening the canals and navigable rivers, and in making new canals. Ocean steamers now come up the St. Lawrence as far as Montreal, in-

Picture

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