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378   CANADIAN HISTORY rOR BOYS AND GIRLS.

pasture have become great fields where, at harvest-time, the golden grain dances high above the children's heads. Meanwhile, on the farms of old Canada, less wheat but greater variety of crops have been grown during recent years. In 1917 there were more horses, cattle, sheep and swine in the country than in any of the five preceding years.y

Farming in   The farmers have had special difficulties

war Time. during the war, for while many of their sons and hired men have enlisted and gone overseas, they have been urged to produce more crops and raise more animals in order to send additional quantities of food to the terribly needy countries of Europe. The farmers responded nobly, and, largely as the result of the "Greater Production Campaign," six million more acres were under crop in 1918 than in 1917.

"Soldiers Great efforts were made to aid the farmers of the Soil." to obtain the necessary help for seeding and harvesting. One successful plan was the enrolment of boys, of fifteen to nineteen years of age, to help on the farms, and in 1918 nearly I2,000 of these " Soldiers of the Soil " did " their bit " in a most satisfactory fashion.

Machinery   Ever since Confederation the farmers have

on the   been using more and more labour-saving

Farms. machines, though there is a great difference in this respect in different parts of the country. Gradually reapers and mowers tools the places of cradles and scythes for cutting the grain and the hay, and, in the early eighties, " self-binders " began to be used to save the tying up of the sheaves by hand. Since then one labour-saving device has followed close on the heels of another. AVhere electrical power is available it can be used for threshing, chopping food for animals, churning,


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