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374   CANADIAN HISTORY rOR BOYS AND GIRLS.

result of all this is that the urban population (as the people who live in cities, towns and villages are called) has increased much more quickly than the rural (or country) population. For instance, according to the Census reports, Canada had about 575,000 more country people in 191I than in igol, but, during the same time,

POLISH SETTLER'S HOMESTEAD.

the increase in urban population was rather over one and a quarter millions.

Manufac-   One of the reasons for this change is un-

turing• doubtedly that the Canadians of to-day are a sociable people, who like the stir and the life of the towns. But another reason is that whereas, in early days, farming, fishing, and lumbering were the only important industries, a great deal of manufacturing is now carried on in Canada, and this tends to gather people to certain centres. It will be remembered that after Sir John Macdonald was returned to power, in 1878, he began to put

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