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CHAPTER X.

WARTIME IN CANADA.

Disaster(   Apart from the appalling loss of life on the

Halifax. battlefields, and the number of men who have rett ed home injured or broken in health, the occurrent Nvhich seemed to bring the war nearest was the terril t explosion of, a munition ship in Halifax Harbour i t December 6, 1917, when the buildings of the old Nova. icotian seaport were shattered as if by an earthquah , and thousands of her citizens lost their lives or suffere,_ dreadful injuries.

Effect of U.s It is impossible even to suggest in such

war in   limited space the effect of the war on

Canada. Canada and her people. Indeed it is as yet quite beymnd our power to estimate it. In the years immediate:j, before the war, a great proportion of Canadians appeared to be very much taken up with the concerns of themselves and their own country, but the war has caused both Government and people to take broader and less self-centred views.

Prosperity. After the first weeks of consternation and .

uncertainty, the demand for war supplies,

both for ourselves, the :Motherland and our Allies, caused
a vast increase in many lines of business, and there has
been plenty of work for all able to do it. On the other
hand, though money has been plentiful, many kinds of
goods have been very scarce. There were two reasons for
the scarcity. One was the great waste caused by the de-
struction of goods in war, including the sinking of ships
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