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362   CANADIAN HISTORY ROR BOYS AND GIRLS.

Canal du Nord and the capture of Bourlou Wood. Later they distinguished themselves in the capture of Cambrai, Douai, Valenciennes and Mons, which was taken only a few hours before hostilities ceased.

The Armis- Immediately on the signing of the Armistice. tice the German troops were ordered out of France and Belgium, and, on November 23rd, King Albert returned in triumph to Brussels.

Flight of Meanwhile Kaiser William and the Crown the Kaiser. Prince had fled to Holland, after signing papers resigning all right to the German throne.

The German On November 21st the German fleet sur-Fleet. rendered. Nine battleships, twelve cruisers and fifty destroyers were taken into the Firth of Forth by Admiral Beatty. The enemy submarines were given up later~,-

Canada's   When the war began, Canada had a per.-

Army. manent military force of 3,000 men, and an Active Militia enrolment of 6o,000. Before it ended she had 156,25o fighting men in France besides 5o,000 railway and forestry troops in the United Kingdom and France. Altogether she had sent overseas 418,052 men in the Canadian Expeditionary Force, besides 14,590 British and :allied reservists.

The First Division, which covered itself with glory at Ypres, had reached France in February, 1915. " The Second Division," according to an official statement, It was formed immediately and landed in France on September 14, when the Canadian Army Corps was formed. The formation of the Third Division was authorized just before Christmas, 1915, and the Division was in France early in 1916. The Fourth Division joined the Canadian Corps in the middle of August, 1916. The Canadian Cavalry Brigade appeared in France in 1915.


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