TMi GREAT WAR. 361
of them) across the Somme. They had to evacuate many towns. The French came to their aid, but for weeks the German advance continued, reaching, on June 2nd, to within forty miles of the French capital. Since _-\larch 21st they had been bombarding Paris from time to time with guns of extraordinarily long range. On June 13th the Germans were repulsed with terrible loss when attacking Compiegne, but about a month later they attacked on a sixty-mile front stretching east and west of Rheims and crossed the Marne at several places.
American Re- By this time a large number of soldiers inforcements. had arrived in France from the United States, and in August, 1gi8, the Firs American Field Army was organized under General Pershing. When the war ended, considerably over two million Americans had been sent overseas, and 1,338,000 were actually fighting in France.
The Allied Another circumstance besides the coming
Offensive. of the Americans strengthened the Allies. At last, on March 28th, the whole of their forces were placed under the command of one man, the great French soldier, General Foch. In July, 1918, he attached the enemy between the Aisne and the -\Marne, and, in August, began a great and successful offensive, which lasted through September and October, and was only ended, on November 11th, by the Germans' acceptance of an armistice on the Allies' terms. Bulgaria, Turkey and Austria had previously collapsed.
Work of the Throughout this period of hard but effec-Canadians. tive fighting the Canadian forces continued to give a good account of themselves. At the beginning of September they drove a breach of five miles in the German front between Queant and Drocourt. At the end of the month they took part in the crossing of the