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and bled and sacrificed themselves for the salve of liberty and honour, of their dear ones behind the lines, and of the lands they loved. Neither can space be given to the achievements of Canadians in the Ro"N,al Navy and the Imperial Army, who served as individuals and not as organized forces, though such a record (if it were possible) would make a most gallant story.

Our New   It should be remembered that, in +his con-

Canadians. nection, the word " Canadians " includes mane men not born in the Dominion. In this war the newcomers, from England, Scotland and Ireland brought as much honour to Canada as the native-born, and not a few men of American birth swelled the ranks of our armies. Of the men of the first contingent, silty per cent., it is estimated, were born in " the Old Country." There were also in Canada at the outbreak of the war a number of reservists both of the British and allied armies. For instance, after Italy came into the struggle, in May, 1915, numbers of Italians went home to fighW

The Cana-   It was at St. Eloi, a few miles from Ypres,

dians at   that the " Princess Pat's " (first of the Can-

Ypres. adians to take part in a highly important engagement) received their " baptism of fire " on March i5th, 1915. Five weeks later, the First Canadian Division made " a glorious record " in the Second Battle of Ypres, begun on April 22nd with the horrible surprise of the enemy's first gas attack. On the Canadian left, French coloured troops from Africa held the line, and these poor fellows went almost mad with pain and fright when the strange poison clouds swept over them. 'Many fell, dying. The rest broke and fled, leaving a great four-mile gap on the Canadians' left, which opened the way to Ypres and Calais. General Turner, of the Canadian 3rd Brigade, tried to bend back his line to a small wood. The Germans, pouring through the break in the line, got there

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