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1'IRST YEARS OI' THE BORDEN MINISTRY.   347

as had been the case during the fight over the Reciprocity Bill. At last the rules of the House of Commons were changed so that a limit might be put to the time spent in debate, and the Naval Bill was passed by the Commons on May 15th, 1913. It did not become law, however, for it was defeated in the Senate.

Visits or   In June, 1913, General Sir Ian Hamilton,

British   the British Inspector-General of Overseas

Caenerals. Military Forces, paid a visit to Canada at the request of the Dominion Government, as General French had done in igio. Sir Ian made various suggestions to improve the effectiveness of the Canadian troops.

It is of interest in this connection that, on July 26th, 1913, for the fourth time, a Canadian won the King's Prize at the meeting of the National Rifle Association at Bislev, in England. The name of the marksman on this occasion was William A. Hawkins, a private in the 45th Highlanders, Toronto, and a member of the Canadian Rifle Association.

A Canadian In the same summer of 1913, a Canadian Arctic expedition, consisting of three Government Expedition. steamers, named the Karlin, the Alaska,

and the Mary Sachs, was sent, under Vilhjalmur Stefansson, to explore the Arctic coasts of the Dominion.

The Karluk was wrecked in the ice in January, 1914. Some of her crew lost their lives, others reached _~_rangel Island. The commander, Captain Bartlett, set out to seek help. He walked 16o miles over the ice in fifty-nine days to Emma Harbour in Siberia, and sailed to St. Michael's, Alaska. The American authorities at this port sent four vessels of the Naval Service to the rescue. Thus the lives of eight men were saved. Stefansson, who was hunting on the mainland when the disaster happened, managed to reach a party (from another ship)


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