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UNDER LORD LORNE'S RULt.   317

But many stayed on, and these soon won a good living from the rich wheat-fields of the new province.

In 1881 the Dominion parliament had added to Manitoba a large district to the east. But the land was claimed by Ontario, and a hot dispute arose between the two provinces. Both appointed magistrates and constables for the same district; and the latter, it is said, chiefly employed themselves in arresting each other. At last, however, the two provinces agreed to ask the Imperial Privy Council to decide between them, and the disputed district was given to Ontario.

An unusually large number of settlers came Bad Trade. to Canada in 1883, but the season of prosperity was nearing its end. The harvests of 1883 and 1884 were poor, and the country was beginning to suffer from the rash speculation of the last few years. Several banks and many business houses failed.

In October, 1883, the >\Iarquis of Lansdowne succeeded the :Marquis of Lorne as governor-general.,

GROUP OF RIVER-DRIVERS IN NORTHERN ONTARIO.

Picture

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