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308   CANADIAN HISTORY VOR BOYS AND GIRLS.

The new province was to be represented in the Canadian parliament by three senators and six members in the House of Commons ; and shortly before the union its local affairs were put under the control of an assembly elected by the people, in place of the legislative council, which had ruled since 1866.

British Columbia has in a n y sources of wealth in its coast fisheries, its rivers swarming with salmon, and its forests of giant trees, as well as in its coal mines and gold-fields; but in 1871 there were only 36.000 people in the province, and of these two thirds were Indians. Since that`-time, however, the population 42s, in-creased with great rapidity.'

Lord   In 1872 Lord Lisgar,

LORD DUFFERIN.   Dusferin.

who had been gover-

nor-general of Canada since 1868, returned to England, and his place was taken by the Earl of Dufferin. Lord Dufferin was an eloquent speaker, and he took a warm interest in all that concerned the welfare of Canada.

Prince   On July Ist, 1873, Prince Edward Island,

Edward   after long resisting all invitations to join

Island Confederation, became part of the Do-minion. The provincial government had grievously burdened itself with debt in building a railway, and union with Canada seemed the best way out of the difficulty.

A large sum of money was now granted by the Do-minion parliament to help to settle the land question, which had troubled the island for over a hundred years. From time to time the government had bought the estates of large owners; but few were willing to sell,


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