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Ottawa, and Bishop Tache, notwithstanding the changed circumstances, thought himself justified in still offering the promised pardon. The half-breeds were calmed by the assurances of the Dominion government. Meanwhile, a force of regular troops and militiamen, under the command of Colonel (now Lord) Wolselev, was being hurried forward. The journey was arduous, and the troops, which left Toronto in June, did not

reach Fort Garry till August.

Thev were not opposed. Riel feltr

doubtful of his position and fled on

their approach. The regular sol-

diers soon returned to Quebec, but

the militiamen spent the winter in Manitoba, and many finally settled   'x



The   Meanwhile, an a c t~

Manitoba   had been passed by-

Act, 1870.   the Dominion parlia-

ment making the Red River colony GOVERNOR ARCHIBALD.

and the surrounding country into the new province of Manitoba. It was to be represented in the Dominion parliament by two senators and four members of the House of Commons; and its local affairs were to be man-aged by a lieutenant-governor~a small legislative council, and an assembly of twenty-four members.-.-The lieutenant-governor, Nvith the help of a council, was also to govern the \forth-West Territories.

The Fenians In May, 1870, the Fenians made a raid Again• into Lower Canada, but were met at Eccles Hill by a force of Canadian volunteers under the command of Colonel Chamberlin, who was after-wards presented with a sword for his gallantry on this occasion. The Fenians were speedily driven back across the border, but in the following year they threatened 1\'Ianitoba, gathering in the United States

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