river to use the lands behind their lots for hay—a privilege afterwards adjudged of such value that the Dominion government gave the
settlers a freehold title to the
Louis Riel. Louis Riel, a young
man who had been
educated at Montreal, was the
leading agitator. A stop was put
to the surveying, and, when Hon. -.
Wm. Macdougall arrived at Pem-
bina, on his way to assume the
office of lieutenant-governor on
December Ist (the proposed date Louis RIEL. of the transfer to the Dominion),
he was informed that he would not be allowed to enter the country. He crossed the boundary, but was soon obliged by a body of armed men to return to the United States.
MeanwI le, Riel occupied Fort Garry, and set up a " provisional government," with himself as president. The Iludson's Bay Company's officers were powerless to prevent these lawless proceedings, having no force at
their command. On December Ist
Macdougall called the friendly set-
tlers to arms, but as the transfer
of the Red River country was de-
laved. he had no real authority.
On discovering this, he returned to
Ottawa in disgust. x
Sir John A small party had
Schultz. gathered at his call,
under Dr. (afterwards Sir) John
Schultz, who in later years was
SIR JOHN SCHULTZ. lieutenant-governor of Manitoba.
But they were forced by Riel to surrender, and were imprisoned in Fort Garry. Several escaped. Amongst these was Dr. Schultz, who cut the