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SOCIAL, CONDITIONS, 1841-67-   289

twenty-five years earlier. Wages were high and labourers scarce, however, so that it was still the custom for the farmers and their families to do all that they could for themselves.

Other   This state of things caused a great demand

Industries.   for labour-saving machines, and soon many factories for making them NN-cre set up in different parts

ST. JOHN BRIDGE AND FAI.I,S AT Low WATER.
(From a photograph by Isaac Erb & Son, St. John.)

 

of the country. The woollen manufacture was becoming important; cotton mills were established in several places during this period; and in most of the provinces ship-building was carried on. In 1863 no less than six hundred and twenty-eight vessels of various sizes were built. In Nova Scotia and New Brunswick fishing and lumbering held the front rank in the occupations of the people,

7'9

Picture

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