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Confederation. It was decided that Upper Canada should be governed by a lieutenant-governor and a legislative assembly only, and that bower Canada should have in addition a legislative council of twenty-four members. Nova Scotia and New Brunswick were, of course, already provided with provincial parliaments. New Brunswick afterwards abolished its legislative council, and now Quebec and Nova Scotia are the only provinces of the Dominion which have two chambers in their local parliaments.

The B.N.A.   Before the close of the year, delegates from

Act. Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and Canada met in England to help to frame a bill for uniting the several provinces. Howe also went to England to pro-test against the passing of any act of Confederation.

After "weeks of constant and anxious labour," the delegates drew up a bill, founded, with little alteration, on the Quebec scheme of 1,964, of which an account has already been given. This bill was passed by the Imperial parliament without change, and became law on March 29th, 1867. It is called "The British North America Act," or sometimes " The B.N.A. Act."

The First   July 1st, 1867, was named by a royal

Dominion   proclamation as the day on which the

Day. several provinces were to unite as the Dominion of Canada. To prevent confusion, the new names of Ontario and Quebec were given to Upper and Lower Canada.

Lord Alonck, who had laboured earnestly in the cause of Confederation, was sworn in as governor-general of the Dominion, and Sir John Macdonald (as he now became) was the first prime minister.

A great effort was made to prevent jealousy between the different parties. Of Macdonald's colleagues, or brother ministers, some came from each of the four

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