parliament, to control matters in which all the provinces were interested, and that each province should also have a parliament to control its own local affairs. To improve the communication between the provinces—a most important matter if there was to be any true union—it was agreed that the much-talked-of Intercolonial Railway should be built.A
The Central The central parliament was to''fmake laws Parliament. for the whole country concerning trade; -/the raising of money for expenses of government by duties or taxes defence; the postal service;~Iraihvays, Ecanals,', , and other public works for the general benefit; marriage ; 1the prevention and punishment of crime; Indians and their lands;' and generally, all matters not put specially under the control of the provincial parliaments. In this last particular there is a marked difference between the government of Canada and that of the United States; for in that country the central government has a right only to make laws on matters speciall} put under its control, and the governments of the several states deal with all other affairs.
The Provin- The provincial parliaments were to /make cial Parlia- laws concerning the raising of money for n_ents. provincial purposes by direct taxes, education ; public lands ; 'property and civil rights;---courts of justice; local public works, and a number of other matters
Representa- So that there might be no more trouble over tion in the question of " representation by popula-Parliament. tion," it was proposed that in the assembly,
or House of Commons, of the united provinces, a fixed number of members (sixty-five) should be given to bower Canada, and that each of the other provinces should have a number of members which bore the same proportion to their population as sixty-five bore to the