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MADLOCK.   273


outvoted by a majority of two. The ministers did not know what to do, for it seemed that a regular deadlock had been reached. It was almost certain that if they resigned, any government which took their place would soon be in the same helpless condition.

At last they decided to ask Lord -AIonck to dissolve parliament, in the faint hope that, though scarcely a year had passed since the last general election, they might this time gain a majority strong enough to enable them to carry on the government.

George   Happily a better way out of the difficulty

Brown's   appeared. Seeing that the long-contimied

Pr_nosai. strife threatened the country with ruin, George Brown, came to the rescue, and promised for him-self and his followers that they would support the Conservative ministers if the latter would set themselves earnestly to find some way of removing the jealousy between Upper and Lower Canada, which lay at the root of all the trouble.

Macdonald and his brother ministers met their old enemies lialf-way. Brown and two of his supporters were invited to enter the government, and it was decided to try to form a federal union, either between the two provinces of Canada or between all the British North American provinces. This, as already explained, would leave each province free to manage its own local affairs.,r

The   At this time the people in the east were

Maritime thinking of a union amongst themselves. Provinces. No doubt the speeches and writings of statesmen in one province in favour of union influenced public opinion in the others. But while Canada was almost driven into Confederation by the stormy current of events, the wish for union in the Maritime Provinces arose chiefly from a sense of the weakness and inconvenience of yso many small governments,


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