VANCOUVER AND BRITISH COLUMBIA. 271
mainland. Several attempts to settle the question had failed; and in 1859 the quarrel of an American and an Englishman over a trespassing pig nearly brought on tsar. Ameri-
c a n soldiers
were landed ~
on the island, '
a n d several British w a r-ships appear-
ed on the ►~I
at last the ~+
agreed to oc- II<I
cup),- the is-
1 a n <l jointly FIRST GOVERNMENT OFFICES ON MAI\LAND OF
until its own_ BRITISH COLUMBIA, AT NEW WESTMINSTER.
ership could be settled. This was not done till 1872, when Emperor William of Germany, who had been asked to arbitrate concerning it, decided in favour of the United States.
Red River Xleanwhile, the Red River Colony, in the
Colony. heart of the continent, had been growing slowly stronger. Since Selkirk's time the settlers had several times suffered severely from sudden floods and plagues of grasshoppers, and wars had raged on their borders amongst the Sioux and other neighbouring tribes ; but they had lived in peace. At last, largely through the efforts of a newspaper editor, William Macdougall, the people of Canada suddenly awakened to the value of the country. Remembering that it was said in French times to be part of Canada, they sent Chief Justice Draper to England to claim it. But though the settlers on the Red River would rather have been under the government of Canada than that of the Hud-